GLOSSARY

A

Allergen

a harmless substance that causes an allergic reaction.

Allergy/Allergic

a hypersensitivity immune response to an allergen.

Allergic Rhinitis

an allergic reaction in the nose when an allergen is inhaled leading to symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing and itchy nose.

Anabolic Steroid

type of steroid, sometimes used by bodybuilders, that causes muscles in the body to grow.

Asthma

is an inflammatory condition of the airways.

Atopy/Atopic

an inherited tendency to develop allergic conditions.

B

Bacteria

a single-celled organism.

C

Corticosteroids

a class of steroid hormones that are used as anti-inflammatory medicine.

D

Dander

material that is shed from the skin of animals which include hair, scales and feathers.

E

Eczema

a skin condition characterized as red, scaly and inflammed lesions.

Emollient

a moisturizer to help hydrate the skin.

F

Flare-up

sudden worsening of symptoms of a disease.

Flexural

includes the axillae (underarms), groin, elbow crease, back of the knees.

H

Hydrated

moisturized.

Hypoallergenic

less likely to cause an allergic reaction.

I

Irritant

a substance that irritates, for example: a chemical or animal saliva.

L

Lukewarm

this means water or liquid is at or near body temperature; around 35°C

M

Moisturising/moisturisation/moisturized

adding, restoring moisture; hydrating.

S

Skin barrier

the outermost layer of the skin composed of corneocytes and skin lipids arranged in a lamellar fashion. This structure helps protect against harmful substances that infect or irritate skin.

Steroid

a group of natural or synthetic chemicals that have a 17-carbon structure with 4 rings. These include anti-inflammatory drugs like prednisone, sex steroids etc.

T

Topical steroid

an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid that is in topical format that may be applied directly on the skin.

Trigger

something that leads to a flare up of eczema. Common triggers for eczema include stress, harsh detergents and low humidity.

V

Virus

an infective agent composed of nucleic acids with a protein coat that multiplies inside a living cell.

References:
1. American Academy of Dermatology
2. Merriam Webster Online